JNBS
Üsküdar Üniversitesi

Articles in Press

Manuscript ID

NIDSAB-2020-02-03

Title

The relationship between attachment styles of preschool children and the attachment styles and adult separation anxiety levels of their parents

Article Type

Original Article

Corresponding author email

gokben.hizlisayar@uskudar.edu.tr

Affiliation

Üsküdar University

Rec.Date

Feb 15, 2019

Accept Date

Feb 19, 1020

Online Publishing

Feb 20, 2020

DOI

10.5455/JNBS.1581753414

Article Language

Turkish

Abstract

The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between attachment styles of parents and attachment anxiety and separation anxiety of preschool children and to evaluate the relationship between these variables and demographic variables. The population of the study was determined as children between 4-6 years of age and their mothers, and the sample consists of 30 children and their mothers between 4-6 years of age who continue their education in the kindergarten in İstanbul.

In order to collect the data of the research; “Informed Consent Form”, “Demographic Information Form”, “Adult Separation Anxiety Scale” and “ Experiences in Close Relationships-Revised” were given and “Attachment Story Completion Test’’  was administered by the researcher to measure the attachment styles of the children. SPSS 16 program was used for statistical analysis. During the analysis of the study, t-test was used to evaluate the relationship between variables, Pearson correlation was used for the variables that were normal distribution and Spearman’s correlation was used when the data were not suitable for the normal distribution.

According to the results of the study, no significant relationship was found between the attachment styles of the children and the parent's attachment style and separation anxiety. It was found that there was no significant relationship between age, gender, educational status of mothers, working status of mothers and attachment styles distribution according to caregivers in the 0-2 age group.

There was no significant relationship between the total score obtained from the Adult Separation Anxiety Scale and the total score and the subscale of avoidance attachment criteria. In other words, research findings show that there is no significant relationship between separation anxiety and the avoidant attachment style of mothers. However, it was found that there was a relationship between separation anxiety of mothers obtained from Adult Separation Anxiety Scale total score and anxious attachment criteria of mothers with Experiences in Close Relationships-Revised subscales.

The limited number of samples and the mothers who completed the scales were among the limitations of this study. It is recommended to increase the sample size and include both parents by applying the scales.

 

Manuscript ID

NIDSAB-2019-10-038

Title

Working Memory Performance, Theta/Beta Ratio and Trait Anxiety

Article Type

Original Article

Corresponding author email

abernasari@gmail.com

Affiliation

Üsküdar University

Rec.Date

Nov 28, 2019

Accept Date

Feb 13, 1020

Online Publishing

Feb 20, 2020

DOI

10.5455/JNBS.1571993852

Article Language

Turkish

Abstract

Working memory, a cognitive construct, which is essential to perform complex cognitive tasks, is negatively associated with trait anxiety. However the exact mechanism underlying this relationship is not clear yet. In this study we aimed at investigating the relationship between working memory and anxiety considering the role of resting state frontal theta/beta ratio, a neuromarker which has been associated with attentional control. Fifty-six university students (Mage = 21, SD = 2; 7 males) participated in the study voluntarily. Participants filled in trait anxiety and attentional control scales. Then resting state EEG was recorded. Afterwards, participants completed dual n back task to assess working memory performance. Our results showed no relationship between theta/beta ratio, trait anxiety and working memory performance. Furthermore, trait anxiety and attentional control scores were also not associated with dual-n-back performance. Results are suggestive of critical evaluation of existing literature and utilizing different cognitive tasks or EEG markers in the future. Also, in addition to trait anxiety the role of state anxiety can also be investigated within this context.

 

Manuscript ID

NIDSAB-2019-11-041

Title

Attitudes of Turkish psychiatrists regarding Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation

Article Type

Original Article

Corresponding author email

baris.unsalver@uskudar.edu.tr

Affiliation

Üsküdar University

Rec.Date

Nov 26, 2019

Accept Date

Jan 01, 2020

Online Publishing

Feb 20, 2019

DOI

10.5455/JNBS.1574788023

Article Language

English

Abstract

Objectives: Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) is not widely used in the world. Besides financial constraints like limited allocation of funds for psychiatric clinics, psychiatrists’ knowledge and attitudes regarding TMS may limit its widespread use. Therefore, this survey study aimed to examine the knowledge and attitudes of Turkish psychiatrists towards TMS.

Materials and Methods: An online survey that was developed by the researchers containing 26 questions about physicians’ demographic data and their knowledge and attitudes towards TMS was sent to a closed e-mail group of psychiatrists and assistant psychiatrists.

Results: The study sample comprised 46 women and 61 men. Having knowledge about TMS statistically significantly affected participants’ approaches to accept TMS as a promising treatment, approve the spread of TMS as a treatment modality, desire to have more information about the mechanism of action of TMS (p=0.006; p=0.019 and p=0.013, respectively), whereas it didn’t statistically significantly affect their approaches to accept TMS as an effective treatment method, consider TMS as a misleading treatment for patients, use TMS only in the treatment of treatment-resistant depression patients (p=0.060, p=0.065, and p=0.136, respectively).

Conclusions: Most of the psychiatrists who completed the survey in Turkey had a positive view of TMS and wanted to increase their knowledge. It may be appropriate to increase the number of presentations on TMS therapy at psychiatry meetings and encourage residents to make observations in clinics where TMS is administered, during psychiatric residency.

ISSN (Print) 2149-1909
ISSN (Online) 2148-4325

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